The main cause of gum diseases is bacterial plaque and tooth calculus that it forms. In addition to these, in some people, body defense mechanisms work poorly in the gum-gingival region and disease may occur. Crowded teeth are also one of the most important factors in the formation of bacterial plaque and tartar. Again, genetic structure is also an important factor in the development of the disease. periodontal diseases caused by smoking have been frequently encountered in recent years. Although the gums appear to be non-bleeding and healthy at first glance in smoking, there are meltdowns in the alveolar bone surrounding the tooth due to the systematic deterioration of the bone mineral tissue. Another behavioral risk factor such as poor oral hygiene and smoking is stress. Stress, as in every disease, increases the tendency of the person to the disease in the development and progression of periodontal disease. Another factor is hormonal changes and the disease can be seen during puberty, pregnancy, menstruation, and menopause periods. Again, systematic diseases such as blood diseases, diabetes cause periodontal disease.
Crowding in the Teeth
Since crooked teeth with impaired gingival harmony cannot be cleaned as easily as straight teeth, plaque accumulation and tartar formation are much higher than smooth teeth. The most important cause of gum disease is crooked and crooked teeth.
Orthodontic Closure Disorders
Closure disorders cause trauma by placing excessive loads on the teeth during chewing. The bones around the teeth exposed to excessive closing forces may melt due to trauma. Teeth in a carious and healthy mouth may lose the supporting bone tissue and fall out by shaking.
Studies have shown that there is a genetic predisposition. In addition, poor oral care increases the likelihood of developing gum disease.
Smoking and Tobacco Use
Smoking causes many important diseases such as cancer, lung and heart diseases. It is also harmful to the oral mucosa and gums. It causes softening of the gums and the development of gum diseases.
Birth control pills, antidepressants, heart medications affect your oral health.
You should pay attention to your oral hygiene during periods of intense hormonal changes such as pregnancy, puberty, menopause, menstruation. Your gums are sensitive during these periods. The susceptibility to gum disease increases. In addition, thyroid diseases cause periodontal problems.
In addition to being one of the causes of many diseases such as hypertension and cancer, it is also a risk factor for gum diseases. Stress, including Periodontal diseases, makes it difficult for the body to fight infection.
Clenching or Grinding Teeth
They cause periodontal tissue destruction by causing a decrease in the strength between the tooth and gingiva. One of the reasons for receding gums is clenching teeth. This squeezing can be stopped by attaching a night plate.
It causes the body's immune (immune) system to weaken and accordingly, it makes it difficult to fight infections, including gum infection. Especially vitamin C deficiencies lead to gum problems.
Diabetes patients are in the high risk group in terms of Periodontal (gum) infection. They should also pay attention to their oral hygiene. An unmaintained mouth can cause tooth loss in the early period.
Incompatible Crown Bridges and Fillings
Crowns and bridges with impaired gingival harmony or overflowing fillings cause problems in the gums.